Ramadan Mubarak is the ninth month on the Islamic calendar. Ramadan has immense importance in Quran and Hadith and Ramadan is that month which has been mentioned repeatedly in the Quran.
Hazrat Salman RA says that the Holy Prophet (May peace be upon Him)said on the last date of Shaa’ban, that on you a month is coming , that is a big and holy month; in that month is one night that is better than a thousand months. Allah has made fasting compulsory for this month and made the prayer of night a reward.
Whoever does a good deed in this month to gain the allegiance of Allah’s and his closeness, has earns the reward of a compulsory act in any other month; and whichever person does a compulsory act in this month gains the reward similar to that of seventy compulsory acts in any other month. This month is for people to gain as much reward as they can and the livelihood and blessings of Allah is increased manifolds in this holy month for every believer.
When the first night of Ramadan comes, all the gates of heaven are opened, and throughout the whole month not even a single door closes. Shaitan, the devil, is chained in this month. Allah asks to give out the following order, “O those who wish to do good, step forward; O those who wish to do bad, step backwards.” Then He says, “Is there anyone asking for forgiveness so that he may be forgiven; is there anyone asking a question, so that his question may be answered; and is there anyone asking to be pardoned so that he may be pardoned.”
All holy books were sent to earth in this month; Hazrat Ibrahim RA got his holy guidelines from 1st to 3rd Ramadan, Hazrat Dawood RA got Zaboor from 12th to 18th Ramadan, Hazrat Moosa RA got Taurat on the 6th of Ramadan, Hazrat Isa RA got Injeel from 12th to 13th Ramadan. Quran was sent in the sacred nights of the last Ashra of the holy month of Ramadan; one night from amongst these was given the title of Shab-e-Qadr.
The fact that fasting is compulsory is found through the Quran and that is the key to abstinence. Abstinence is the one thing that stops people from going towards the wrong and encourages them to go towards the right. The real aim of fasting is to make human wishes surrender in front of Allah’s orders. When a person who is fasting abstains from all eating, drinking, and other wishes, then he stays away from other wrong doings also. Instead, most of his time is then spent doing worship of Allah or good deeds. Apart from abstinence, fasting also treats personality issues like self obsession and ego.
The month of Ramadan is collectively auspicious for all Muslims. Fasting in this holy month is not only good for physical reasons for humans, but also gives the message of patience for all living things in this universe. Amongst one of the spiritual effects of Ramadan is the fact that during the first few fasts, hunger and thirst are felt, but slowly the body gets used to it. Since we have fat deposits inside our body, the necessities of the body are fulfilled.
In this basic life where spiritual and physical benefits of fasting are present, there are also benefits of it in the hereafter like pardoning of sins and blessings. Hadith of Holy Prophet (May peace be upon Him) narrates that, “Heaven has eight doors, amongst which one is called Bab-ul-Riyan from which only those who kept fasts will enter.” Another Hadith says, “Whoever keeps one fast for the happiness of Allah; Allah will keep him so far away from the fire of hell that no person would be able to reach there in seventy years.”
Virtues of the Fasting:
- The bad smell coming out of a fasting person’s mouth is better than any other good smell, to Allah.
- Even the fish of the water pray for those fasting.
- Heaven is made closer to them every day.
- The standing, sitting, working and even sleeping of a person fasting is considered worship.
- One big benefit of fasting is the visiting of Allah; which will be given on the Day of Judgment
- All the sins of a person fasting are forgiven and ranks are increased.
- On the last night of Ramadan, pardoning is done for those fasting. A Sahaba asked, is this night the night of forgiveness? Reply was, No, but the tradition is that a labour is paid after his work is completed. (Ibn-e-Haban)